How to use cold therapy pad for high temperature patients

Relevant Knowledge

1. The role of cold therapy pad:

(1) reduce local tissue congestion;

(2) control the spread of inflammation; 

(3) reduce pain;

(4) reduce body temperature.

2. Factors affecting the effect of Cold Therapy Pack:

(1) part;

(2) time;

(3) area;

(4) ambient temperature;

(5) individual differences.

3. Contraindications to cold therapy pad:

(1) tissue ulceration and chronic inflammation;

(2) local poor blood circulation;  

(3) allergic to cold;

(4) the following parts of the contraindications with cold: posterior occipital, auricle, anterior heart area, abdomen, plantar.


1. Inform the patient of the purpose of physical cooling and related matters.

2. Make sure to drink enough water during high fever.

3. Patients should adopt correct ventilation and heat dissipation methods during high fever and avoid covering.

4. Inform patients of contraindication of hyperthermia within 48 hours of soft tissue sprain or contusion.


1. Observe the changes of patients' condition and temperature at any time.

2. Check whether the Cold Therapy Pack is damaged or leaking at any time. In case of damage, it should be replaced immediately.

3. Observe the patient's skin condition. If the patient's skin is pale, blue or numb, stop using it immediately to prevent frostbite.

4. During physical cooling, patients should avoid the occipital posterior, auricle, precardiac area, abdomen and plantar.

5. When the patient with high fever cools down, the body temperature should be measured and recorded after 30 minutes of cold therapy. When the body temperature falls below 39℃, cold therapy can be stopped. Patients who need cold therapy for a long time should rest for 1 hour before repeated use to prevent adverse reactions.

Post time: Jul-15-2022